What research is being done on workplace spirituality? This question is addressed in an article (originally a paper prepared for the 2011 Academy of Management Annual Meeting), by David W. Miller and Timothy Ewest. The focus on the growing body of quantitative and theoretical research in the field of workplace spirituality. It investigates the nature, aims, and unmet needs specific to scale development for spirituality in the workplace. It builds on earlier and broader literature review work of Gorsuch and Miller (1999), Hill and Hood (1999), the Fetzer Group (1999), Moberg (2002), Mohamed, et al (2004), Day (2004), and Lund Dean and Fornaciari (2007). By suggesting a new rubric for understanding the literature (manifestation, development, and adherence), and analysing the scale validity and reliability, the authors hope to expand the conceptual imagination for new scale research. Miller and Ewest argue that previous research has begun to address important aspects of research scale development, but that it has been limited in its applicability to workplace contexts. It also does not address diverse religious traditions and falls short of understanding how and the degree to which individual or collective spirituality integrates and manifests itself in the workplace. Moreover, while much scale research has been directed towards personal fulfillment, faith maturity and wellness (Hill and Hood, 1999; Moberg, 2002), only recently have scales been developed with an eye towards workplace spirituality and faith at work. The article codifies and extends the aforementioned work by identifying the major drivers for the field, considers the present operationalised definitions, explores the theoretical connections between spirituality/religion and organisations, reviews existing scales and instruments, discusses the literature review findings, identifies gaps and problems within the reviewed research, and resolves by suggesting specific areas for further research.
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