The growing attention that workplace spirituality has received during the last few decades can be attributed to many socioeconomic, cultural and other factors.

And yet, despite this attention, there still is obscurity and imprecision for the researcher, the practitioner, the organisational analyst and whoever attempts to systematically approach this relatively new field or inquiry.

In their 2008 article, George Gotsis and Zoi Kortezi, attempt to provide a critical review of the literature on workplace spirituality by examining the underlying rationale of the main trends regarding spirit at work and by negotiating their strengths and weaknesses.

Current approaches to workplace spirituality are distinguished from the exploratory, contextual and the consequential, acontextual ones. Particular attention is given to ‘Respectful Pluralism’ proposed by Douglas Hicks, as it is suggested that this theoretical framework is the most well-founded, elaborated and systematic one that has been proposed up to date.

However, it is proposed that even Respectful Pluralism fails to fully capture the complexity of such a multidimensional phenomenon as spirituality. Drawing on mainstream ethical and philosophical traditions (deontology, utilitarianism, virtue ethics) supporting alternative value-systems, it is suggested that a more inclusive and philosophically affluent framework needs to be developed. Finally, some propositions and thoughts are made regarding this direction.


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